Chihil Kilid (Forty Keys) Divination Bowl with Inscriptions, Zodiac Signs, and Four Plaquettes, copper alloy (brass), Safavid dynasty, western Iran, 1679.
A brass divination bowl with a raised semi-spherical center. There are tiny inscriptions engraved on the entire surface, both interior and exterior of the bowl. On the interior, the inscriptions in naskhi script appear in round, overlapping medallions. On the exterior, inscriptions also appear in round medallions; however, within a border below the rim, the inscriptions alternate with depictions of the zodiac signs. There is an inscription on the bottom stating the date of the piece 1090 AH/1679 CE and a blessing to the owner (his name is not given). The piece arrived with four inscribed brass plaquettes (two are thought to be pieces of Chinese mirrors, and other two are inscribed in Arabic). - brooklynmuseum.
Meli-Shipak’s kudurru commemorating a land donation to his son Marduk-apla-iddina, limestone stela, kassite period, Babylon (discovered in Suse where it had been taken away as a spoil of war), ca 1186-1172 BC. The Louvre.
Invented in Babylon during the kassite dynasty, kudurrus are small stelas bearing texts about royal land donations: these official documents were supposed to garantee the donation retrospectively, even if the king was killed or if a new dynasty took the throne. To ensure the respect of the agreement between the king and the private individual, the donation was placed under the protection of major deities and their emblems were sculpted on the kudurrus.
Babylonian terracotta brick stamp, Nipur, Iraq.
Inscribed “Shar-kali-sharri, king of Akkade, builder of Enlil’s temple.” - penn.museum
Cuneiform terracota tablets, ca. 1400 BC, Qatna, Syria.
63 cuneiform tablets were discovered in 2002, in a subterranean corridor. They were covered by the burned remains of several roofbeams. Maybe they were hidden during the Hittite invasion. The texts probably belong to the archive of King Idanda and contain both intelligence reports on the political situation in northern Syria, the Hittite threat and domestic and administrative texts. The texts are written in a mixture of the Akkadian and Hurrian languages hitherto unknown. - wikipedia.org
Victory stele of king Naram-Sin, limestone bas-relief, ca. 2254-2213 BC (Akkad),
During Naram-Sin reign the Lullubi tribe rebelled. The king subdued the revolt and erected this stele at Sippar. This stele is a major work because it is considered to be the first landscape in oriental art as well as the first stele depicting a whole scene in only one piece. It is also the first work of art showing a deified king: Naram-Sin is a massive character and he is wearing a horned helmet which is the symbol of divinity in ancient Near-East. The two suns above the mountain represent the sun god Nergal, protector of the dynasty.
Small grammar of the sumerian language for beginners and Exercices.
Isn’t this awesome? Got these for my birthday a month ago, and I still can’t believe how incredible this gift is. So, hey, be jaleous.
Human-headed winged bull, also known as a Šedu, Gypsum, Neo-Assyrian Period, ca. 721-705 B.C.
This colossal sculpture was one of a pair that guarded the entrance to the throne room of King Sargon II. A protective spirit known as a “lamassu”, it is shown as a composite being with the head of a human, the body and ears of a bull, and the wings of a bird. When viewed from the side, the creature appears to be walking; when viewed from the front, to be standing still. Thus it is actually represented with five, rather than four, legs. - OIUC webpage.